UJI KUALITAS TELUR AYAM RAS DI KOTA MANOKWARI

Table Egg Quality in Manokwari City

  • . Kasmiati Universitas Papua, Manokwari
  • Sintje Lumatauw Universitas Papua, Manokwari
  • Iriani Sumpe Universitas Papua, Manokwari

Abstract

A study was conducted to evaluate table eggs in Manokwari city. A total of 300 eggs were examined for external and internal qualities. The eggs were gathered from different places: local farmer for local eggs (1 respondent), markets for imported eggs (2 respondents)), supermarkets (4 respondents), egg distributors (1 respondent), and stalls (10 respondents)). The egg examinations were done twice, first was the time when no ship for egg transport came to Manokwari (period 1) to assume that the eggs had been kept for quite long before reached the consumers and second was the time when ship for egg transport that just arrived to Manokwari with the assumption that he eggs were still relatively fresh (periode 2). Results showed that the majority of table eggs in Manokwari had brown shells followed by spotted and light brown, all with oval shapes. Eggs gathered at period 2 were larger than those of period 1; local eggs were significantly heavier than imported eggs due to the difference of egg freshness. The local eggs of period 2 showed a very good air sac with AA quality, while the imported eggs had the air sac quality for A and B. The highest yolk score (8.88) were observed at local eggs at period 2.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

. Kasmiati, Universitas Papua, Manokwari

Fakultas Peternakan 

Sintje Lumatauw, Universitas Papua, Manokwari

Fakultas Peternakan

Iriani Sumpe, Universitas Papua, Manokwari

Fakultas Peternakan

References

Badan Pusat Statistik.2011. Manokwari Dalam Angka. Kabupaten Manokwari.

Badan Standar Nasional Indonesia (BSN). 2008. Standar Nasional Indonesia. Telur Ayam Konsumsi. BSN. Jakarta.

Buckle, K.A., A.R. Edwards, H.G. Fleet dan M. Wooton. 1985. Ilmu Pangan.UI Press. Jakarta.

Hadiwiyoto, S. 1984. Hasil-Hasil Olahan Susu, Ikan, Daging dan Telur.Liberty. Yogyakarta.

Heaser, G.F., G.O Hall, and T. Bruckner. 1992. Poultry Management.3th Ed. R. W. Grebory J. B. Lippicont.

North, M.O, and D.D. Bell. 1990. Commercial Chicken Production Manual. Fourth Edition. Chapman and Hill, New York, London.

Piliang, W. G. 1992. Manajemen Beternak Unggas.Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Romanoff A.L and A.J. Romanoff. 1963. The Avian Egg. John Willey and Sons Inc, New York.

Sirait, C. H. 1986. Telur dan Pengolahannya. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan. Bogor.

Studelman, W.J and O. J. Conterill (1995). Egg Science and Technology. Fourth Ed. The Haworth Press Inc. New York. USA.

Sudaryani T. 2000. Kualitas Telur. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Umar, M M., S. Sundari, dan A.M. Fuah. 2001. Kualitas fisik telur ayam kampong segar di pasar tradisional swalayan dan peternak di Kotamadya Bogor. Jurnal Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi Peternakan. Med. Pet. Vol 24(2):87-92.

Winarno F.G. 1993. Pangan dan Gizi, Teknologi dan Konsumen. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Winarno F. G. dan S. Kaswara (2002). Telur: Komposisi, Pengamatan dan Pengolahannya. M-Brio Press, Bogor.

Yasin, S. 1988. Fungsi dan Peranan Zat-Zat Gizi dalam Ransum Ayam Petelur. Medyatama Sarana Perkasa. Jakarta.

Yawanta, T. 2004. Dasar Ternak Unggas. Penerbit Kanisius. Yogyakarta.
Published
2019-06-29
How to Cite
KASMIATI, .; LUMATAUW, Sintje; SUMPE, Iriani. UJI KUALITAS TELUR AYAM RAS DI KOTA MANOKWARI. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), [S.l.], v. 8, n. 1, p. 9 - 18, june 2019. ISSN 2620-9403. Available at: <https://journal.fapetunipa.ac.id/index.php/JIPVET/article/view/28>. Date accessed: 08 mar. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.30862/jipvet.v8i1.28.