Ekstrak Rumput Laut Sargassum.sp Mencegah Trombositopenia Gestational Pada Tikus Selama Kebuntingan

Sargassum.sp Seaweed Extract Prevents Gestational Thrombocytopenia in Mice During Pregnancy

  • Maulida Selma Hanum
  • Amir Husni
  • Risa Ummami
  • Pudji Astuti
  • Claude Mona Airin Universitas Gadjah Mada

Abstract

Abstract 


The potential of seaweed as a functional food ingredient has not been explored. Several studies, the compotition of seaweed can prevent stress in animals such as sedative mechanisms. The sedative effect was decreased of blood pressure. Pregnancy can be a stressor in animals and cause anemia physiologically. This study aims to determine the effect of seaweed extract on the profile hemoglobin and erythrocytes of pregnant mice. In this study used 10 pregnant rats divided into 2 groups, group 1 (control) and group II (treatment with 450 mg/BW extract Sargassum sp). Calculation of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, and thrombocyte measurements were carried out in day 0, 7, and 14. The results showed that there was an increased thrombocyte count in the treatment group even though in both groups there was a decreased the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin. The results of statistical analysis showed a significant difference (p <0.05) of thrombocyte counts between the control and treatment groups. Based on the results of the study it was found that administration of Sargassum sp. during pregnancy can prevent thrombocytopenia in pregnant rat. 


Keywords: Sargassum sp; Pregnant rat; Thrombocytopenia; Erythrocytes; Hemoglobin


 


Abstrak 


Potensi rumput laut sebagai bahan pangan fungsional belum banyak digali. Beberapa penelitian telah menyebutkan kandungan rumput laut dapat mencegah stress pada hewan seperti mekanisme sedativa. Efek sedativa yang sering muncul adalah penurunan tekanan darah. Kebuntingan dapat merupakan stressor pada hewan dan secara fisiologi akan menyebabkan anemia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek pemberian ekstrak rumput laut pada gambaran hematologi tikus bunting. Penelitian ini menggunakan 10 ekor tikus bunting yang dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok 1 (kontrol) dan kelompok II (perlakuan ektrak rumput laut Sargassum sp 450 mg/kg BB). Pengambilan sampel dilakukan pada hari ke 0 (sebelum kebuntingan), hari ke 7 dan hari ke 14 (akhir kebuntingan). Pengukuran hematologi sampel meliputi perhitungan eritrosit, pengukuran hemoglobin serta trombosit. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan jumlah trombosit pada kelompok perlakuan meskipun pada kedua kelompok terjadi penurunan jumlah eritrosit dan hemoglobin. Hasil analisis statistik ada perbedaan yang signifikan (P<0,05) jumlah trombosit antara kelompok kontrol dengan perlakuan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak Sargassum sp selama kebuntingan dapat mencegah terjadinya trombositopenia pada tikus bunting. 


Kata kunci: Sargassum sp; Tikus bunting; Trombositopenia; Eritrosit; Hemoglobin

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Published
2021-02-23
How to Cite
HANUM, Maulida Selma et al. Ekstrak Rumput Laut Sargassum.sp Mencegah Trombositopenia Gestational Pada Tikus Selama Kebuntingan. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 1 – 5, feb. 2021. ISSN 2620-9403. Available at: <https://journal.fapetunipa.ac.id/index.php/JIPVET/article/view/92>. Date accessed: 16 apr. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.46549/jipvet.v11i1.92.