Faktor Risiko Penyebaran Escherichia coli Penghasil ESBL pada Ternak Ayam Komersial

Risk Factors for the Spread of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in Commercial Chicken Livestock

  • Freshinta Jellia Wibisono Doctoral program sain veteriner. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Gadjah Mada


Escherichia coli producing ESBL in humans, animals and the environment trigger the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. This study analyzes the potential risk factors in commercial chickens as an infectious factor for the ESBL-producing Escherichia coli as an effort to prevent and control the wider spread of Escherichia coli-producing ESBL events. This study was a descriptive analytic epidemiological study with a cross-sectional study design. Sampling using stratified random sampling by taking as many as 5 samples per commercial chicken farm in Blitar District. Data collection is done by direct interviews with farmers based on a questionnaire and field observations and inspection of livestock, supplemented with supporting documentation. Primary data were obtained through a questionnaire and direct observation of the research object to determine risk factors that could affect the Escherichia coli producing ESBL that were resistant to antibiotics in commercial chicken in Blitar District. Escherichia coli is a commensal bacterium that is naturally present in the chicken digestive tract. The existence of the highest ESBL producing Escherichia coli was 45.56% in the type of partnership farming. Risk factors with the highest association strength on risk factors for partnership type (OR = 11.02, CI 95% = 5.84-20.77), the presence of antibiotic administration programs (OR = 6.76, 95% CI = 2.05-22.22), broiler chicken species ( OR = 5.34, 95% CI = 2.76-10.32), and the purpose of using antibiotics as prevention (OR = 3.55, 95% CI = 1.86-6.74). Efforts to prevent and control the ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in commercial poultry can be done by increasing surveillance of antibiotic use, in this regard it is necessary to supervise animal health personnel in the management of livestock raising for the correct use of antibiotics in commercial chicken farms.


Download data is not yet available.


Bahri, S., Masbulan, E., Kusumaningsih, A. (2005). Proses Praproduksi Sebagai Faktor Penting dalam Menghasilkan Produk Ternak yang Aman untuk Manusia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 24, 27–35.
Bramantoro, Purwati, Hamidah. (2013). The prevalence of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) in third generation cephalosporin usage among sepsis patients in the Department of Internal Medicine RSUD DR. Soetomo Surabaya. Folia Medica Indonesiana 49, 244–251.
Brower, C.H., Mandal, S., Hayer, S., Sran, M., Zehra, A., Patel, S.J., Kaur, R., Chatterjee, L., Mishra, S., Das, B.R., Singh, P., Singh, R., Gill, J.P.S., Laxminarayan, R. (2017). The prevalence of Extended-Spectrum Beta Lactamase-producing multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli in poultry chickens and variation according to farming practices in Punjab, India. Environmental Health Perspectives 125, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP292
Falgenhauer, L., Imirzalioglu, C., Oppong, K., Akenten, C.W., Hogan, B., Krumkamp, R., Poppert, S., Levermann, V., Schwengers, O., Sarpong, N., Owusu-Dabo, E., May, J., Eibach, D. (2019). Detection and characterization of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli from humans and poultry in Ghana. Frontiers in Microbiology 10, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.03358
Filho, H.C.K.C.K., Brito, K.C.T., Cavalli, L.S., Brito, B.G. (2015). Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) - an update on the control. The battle against microbial pathogens: Basic science, technological advances and educational programs 598–618.
Lukman, D.W., Sudarwanto, M.B., Purnawarman, T., Latif, H., Pisestyani, H., Sukmawinata, E., Akineden, Ö. (2016). CTX-M-1 and CTX-M-55 producing Escherichia coli isolated from broiler feces in Poultry Slaughterhouse, Bogor, West Java Province. Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2315-5159) 5, 287–291.
Martin, S.W., Meek, A.H., Willeberg, P. (1987). Veterinary Epidemiology Principles and Methods, First edit. ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames, United States of America.
Masruroh, C.A., Sudarwanto, M.B., Latif, H. (2016). Tingkat kejadian Escherichia coli penghasil Extended Spectrum Βeta-Lactamase yang diisolasi dari feses broiler di Kota Bogor. Jurnal Sain Veteriner 34, 42–49.
Paterson, D.L., Bonomo, R.A. (2005). Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamases : a Clinical Update. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 18, 657–686. https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.18.4.657
Putra, A.R.S., Effendi, M.H., Koesdarto, S., Tyasningsih, W. (2019). Molecular identification of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli isolated from dairy cows in East Java Province, Indonesia. Indian Veterinary Journal 96, 26–30.
Seni, J., Falgenhauer, L., Simeo, N., Mirambo, M.M., Imirzalioglu, C., Matee, M., Rweyemamu, M., Chakraborty, T., Mshana, S.E. (2016). Multiple ESBL-producing Escherichia coli sequence types carrying quinolone and aminoglycoside resistance genes circulating in companion and domestic farm animals in Mwanza, Tanzania, harbor commonly occurring plasmids. Frontiers in Microbiology 7, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00142
Shoaib, M., Kamboh, A.A., Sajid, A., Mughal, G.A., Leghari, R.A., Malhi, K.K., Bughio, S.-U.-D., Ali, A., Alam, S., Khan, S., Ali, S. (2016). Prevalence of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing Enterobacteriaceaein Commercial Broilers and Backyard Chickens. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 4, 209–214. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.aavs/2016/
Suardana, I.W., Utama, I.H., Putriningsih, P.A.S., Rudyanto, M.D. (2014). Uji Kepekaan Antibiotika Isolat Escherichia coli O157: H7 asal Feses Ayam. Buletin Veteriner Udayana 6, 19–27.
Sudarwanto, M.B., Lukman, D.W., Latif, H., Pisestyani, H., Sukmawinata, E., Akineden, Ö., Usleber, E. (2016). CTX-M producing Escherichia coli isolated from cattle feces in Bogor slaughterhouse, Indonesia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 6, 605–608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apjtb.2016.05.001
Sudarwanto, M.B., Lukman, D.W., Purnawarman, T., Latif, H., Pisestyani, H., Sukmawinata, E. (2017). Multidrug resistance Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase and AmpC producing Escherichia coli isolated from the environment of Bogor Slaughterhouse, Indonesia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 7, 708–711. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apjtb.2017.07.012
Sumiarto, B., & Budiharta, S. 2018. Epidemiologi Veteriner Analitik. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
How to Cite
WIBISONO, Freshinta Jellia. Faktor Risiko Penyebaran Escherichia coli Penghasil ESBL pada Ternak Ayam Komersial. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), [S.l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 147 – 156, july 2021. ISSN 2620-9403. Available at: <https://journal.fapetunipa.ac.id/index.php/JIPVET/article/view/136>. Date accessed: 17 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.46549/jipvet.v11i2.136.