Karakterisasi Feno-Genotipik Kemampuan Hemolisa Isolat Staphylococcus aureus Asal Susu Kambing Mastitis dan Daging Ayam Segar

Phenotypic and Genotypic Characterization of Hemolytic Properties of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Goat Mastitis and Raw Chicken Meat

Main Article Content

Fatkhanuddin Aziz
Fauziah Fitriana
Dian Ritma Setyorini
Shafira Amalia Putri
Tifa Restyka Maulina
Vira Kartika Dewi
Nur Ika Prihanani

Abstract

Abstract 

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a pathogenic bacterium with many virulence factors, such as toxins, immunomodulatory factors, and exoenzymes. Hemolysin is one of the essential toxins in the pathogenesis of S. aureus, with the action of lysing erythrocytes and other cells. This study aimed to determine the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of S. aureus isolates from animal origin. Eight S. aureus isolates from goat mastitis and raw chicken meat phenotypically evaluated the ability to hemolyze sheep blood. At the same time, genotypic were determinated by detecting the hla and hlb genes. The results showed that most 87.5% (7/8) of S. aureus isolates had β-hemolysis phenotypic. PCR determination showed that all (8/8) isolates were positive for the α-toxin (hla) encoding gene, while half (4/8) of the isolates were positive for the β-toxin (hlb) encoding gene. The use of 5% defibrinated sheep blood agar plates is recommended to determine the hemolytic character of S. aureus tested.

Keywords: Character; Hemolysis; S. aureus

 

Abstrak 

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) merupakan bakteri patogen yang memiliki banyak faktor virulensi seperti toksin, faktor imunomodulator, dan eksoenzim. Hemolisin merupakan salah satu toksin penting dalam patogenesis S. aureus, dengan aksi kerja melisiskan eritrosit dan sel lainnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakter hemolisa isolat S. aureus asal hewan secara fenotipik dan genotipik. Delapan isolat S. aureus asal susu kambing mastitis dan daging ayam segar dievaluasi secara fenotipik untuk melihat kemampuan menghemolisa darah domba, sedangkan determinasi genotipik dengan deteksi gen hla dan gen hlb. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan mayoritas 87.5% (7/8) isolat S. aureus memiliki fenotipik β-hemolisa. Determinasi PCR menunjukkan 100% (8/8) isolat positif gen penyandi α-toksin (hla), sedangkan 50% (4/8) isolat positif gen penyandi β-toksin (hlb). Penggunaan 5% defibrinated pelat agar darah domba lebih direkomendasikan untuk melihat karakter hemolisa S. aureus yang diuji.

Kata kunci: Hemolisa; Karakter; S. aureus

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Aziz, F., Fitriana, F., Setyorini, D. R. ., Putri , S. A. ., Maulina , T. R., Dewi , V. K., & Prihanani , N. I. (2023). Karakterisasi Feno-Genotipik Kemampuan Hemolisa Isolat Staphylococcus aureus Asal Susu Kambing Mastitis dan Daging Ayam Segar: Phenotypic and Genotypic Characterization of Hemolytic Properties of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Goat Mastitis and Raw Chicken Meat. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Dan Veteriner Tropis (Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science), 13(3), 129–136. https://doi.org/10.46549/jipvet.v13i3.393
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